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Learning outcomes

Most pupils will understand/be able to:

  • The need for safe and sensible behaviour, responding to instructions
  • How to prepare for an outdoor activity
  • Listening skills, co-operation and trust; and understand that these are important and valuable in adventurous activities
  • Experience success, a sense of achievement in responding to challenge
  • Complete a series of canoeing activities

Some pupils will have the opportunity to:

  • Be able to paddle around a course
  • Be able to move the canoe sideways and backwards
  • Make observations re recreational land/water resources use and human impact
  • Work together as at team and help others
  • Experience leadership and looking after the group
  • Learn how to progress their canoeing

Key words/phrases

Determination, Encouragement, Environment, Perseverance, Responsibility, Trust. Paddle, Forward, Backward, Sweep (stroke), Sideways, Rafting up, Bow, Stern, Gunnel, Thwart. Buoyancy, Reservoir, Lake, Forces – push/pull

Curriculum links


Responding in body and mind to the demands of an activity; adapting to unfamiliar contexts; recognise hazards, control risks; determination to succeed; healthy physical activity


Physical and human characteristics of real places


Work in groups, different roles and responsibilities


Full day activity.


Suitable local venue (e.g. Damflask reservoir).


Canoeing session on local lake. Activity is always led by a fully qualified member of Hagg Farm staff.

Health and Safety

Appropriate clothing (inc safety e.g. Buoyancy Aids) and footwear required. Cover cuts with a waterproof plaster; wash hands after activity. Care for, use and return of equipment it in good state. Canoe safety pack/dry barrel (with first aid kit, emergency shelter etc), mobile phone, technical equipment and any personal medication (inhalers etc). Risk assessment no. 38.  Pupil ratio 1:12. AALA licensed.

Activity session

  • Briefing to include aims of activity, what the activity involves, groupings, roles and adult supervision. Clear explanation of the activity: choice of area/route and parameters appropriate to group’s needs. Awareness of other water users and prevailing weather.
  • Discussion of teamwork, involvement and leadership, (esp. in relation to safety)
  • Appropriate personal protective equipment issued and demonstrated.
  • Students have opportunity to discuss conservation issues, recreation/leisure pursuits plus environmental and conservation issues and human impact on the area.


(at Hagg Farm if cold/wet)

  • Have learning outcomes, above, been met?
  • A range of reviewing techniques with students using, for example speaking/discussion skills and creativity to express feelings and thoughts about the activity, performance, involvement, teamwork and achievement.
  • Scientific, geographical and historical learning linking to curriculum, as above.
  • PE: new skills and learning; guidance re progressing canoeing further.