For professionals and volunteers
The NSCB publishes procedures and practice guidance, regular newsletters and learning bulletins which draw on learning from reviews and case audits. The following resources and information may also be helpful.
Indicators of possible Child Abuse (green card)
Indicators of possible child abuse (green card) provides indicators of physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect and emotional abuse. For further information see the indicators of possible child abuse [PDF] or to order copies of the green card email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Pathway to Provision
Pathway to Provision is a set of guidance for agencies to use when they are concern about a child. It identifies different levels of need and the responsibilities of those working with children and young people in addressing these.
Rethinking Did Not Attend
A short film has been developed by colleagues at Nottingham City Safeguarding Children Board to promote the message that children who miss appointments should not be recorded as ‘Did Not Attend’ and instead the term ‘Was Not Brought’ should be used. Using this wording acknowledges that children need an adult to take them to appointments and that if they miss appointments professionals should look at the reasons behind it and consider any safeguarding or welfare issues.
Multi-Agency Safeguarding Hub (MASH)
MASH is the county's first point of contact for new safeguarding concerns and has significantly improved the sharing of information between agencies, helping to protect the most vulnerable children and adults from harm, neglect and abuse.
MASH receives safeguarding concerns from professionals, such as teachers and doctors, as well as members of the public and family members. For those concerns that meet the threshold for social care involvement, representatives from the different agencies in the MASH and outside will collate information from their respective sources to build up a holistic picture of the circumstances of the case and the associated risks to the child or adult.
As a result, better decisions will be made about what action to take and support will be targeted on the most urgent cases. Feedback will also be given to professionals reporting concerns. Better co-ordination between agencies will lead to an improved service for children and families.
Information sharing is vital to safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children and young people. A key factor identified in many serious case reviews has been a failure by practitioners to record information, to share it, to understand its significance and then take appropriate action.
For more information please see the chapter within the Inter-agency Safeguarding Children Procedures.
This advice is non-statutory, and has been produced to support practitioners in the decisions they take when sharing information to reduce the risk of harm to children and young people. It is for all frontline practitioners and senior managers working with children, young people, parents and carers who have to make decisions about sharing personal information on a case by case basis. It might also be helpful for practitioners working with adults who are responsible for children who may be in need.
Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA)
Nottinghamshire Probation Trust works with the Police and Prison Service to manage the supervision in the community of the most dangerous offenders, including violent and sexual offenders. These three agencies are known as the Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements responsible authorities.
A private fostering arrangement is one that is made privately (not through the local authority), for the care of a child under 16 years (or under 18 if the child has a disability), by someone other than a parent or close relative with the intention that it should last for 28 days or more.
To help keep children safe and support families, all parents and private foster carers must notify the local authority of their intention to enter into a private fostering arrangement.
Local authorities are required to satisfy themselves that the welfare of children who are, or will be, privately fostered within their area is being, or will be, satisfactorily safeguarded and promoted. After an initial visit to assess the suitability of the arrangement every child in a private fostering arrangement should be visited by an officer of the local authority at intervals of not more than 6 weeks in the first year and intervals of not more than 12 weeks in any second or subsequent year.
Sometimes private fostering arrangements are not notified to the local authority by parents and private foster carers and this can leave a child in a vulnerable position. If you believe a child is being privately fostered and the local authority is not aware please contact the MASH who will then be able to enquire if the arrangement falls under the private fostering regulations and if so arrange for children’s social care to check the suitability.
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
FGM comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. It has no health benefits and harms girls and women in many ways. It involves removing and damaging healthy and normal female genital tissue, and hence interferes with the natural function of girls and women's bodies. The practice causes severe pain and has several immediate and long-term health consequences, including difficulties in childbirth also causing danger to the child.
FGM constitutes a form of child abuse and violence against women and girls.
The NSCB safeguarding guide on FGM provides further information and guidance and it can be found within the interagency safeguarding procedures. Tho Home Office has a free e-learning module which you can access on our e-learning training page.
The Serious Crime Act 2015 amended the FGM Act 2003 and introduced a mandatory reporting duty which requires regulated health and social care professionals and teachers in England and Wale to report 'known' cases of FGM in under 18s which they identify in the course of their professional work to the police. Please see the Home Office Mandatory Reporting of Female Genital Mutilation - procedural information [PDF].
Safeguarding children and young people against radicalisation and violent extremism
Radicalisation is defined as the process by which people come to support terrorism and extremism and, in some cases, to then participate in terrorist groups.
Extremism is vocal or active opposition to fundamental British values, including democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of different faiths and beliefs. We also include in our definition of extremism calls for the death of members of our armed forces, whether in this country or overseas (HM Government Prevent Strategy 2011).
Keeping children safe from these risks is a safeguarding matter and should be approached in the same way as safeguarding children from other risks.
The NSCB safeguarding guide ‘safeguarding children and young people against radicalisation and violent extremism’ provides further information and guidance and it can be found within the interagency procedures.
Child exploitation and online protection command (CEOP)
The National Crime Agency’s Child Exploitation and Online Protection Command (CEOP) (formerly the Child Exploitation and Online Protection Centre) works with child protection partners across the UK and overseas to identify the main threats to children and coordinates activity against these threats to bring offenders to account. They protect children from harm online and offline, directly through NCA led operations and in partnership with local and international agencies.
Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) Concerns Network (Operation Striver)
Nottinghamshire Police have introduced a new way to improve the sharing of low level non-emergency intelligence concerning child sexual exploitation between partner agencies in Nottinghamshire. An information sheet [PDF] has been developed to record information that relates to people, places, activities, or vehicles which may be involved with or connected to CSE. Once completed the information sheet should be sent via secure email to email@example.com.
Please note that this process does not replace the requirement to refer cases under the inter-agency safeguarding children procedures to children’s social care or the police and that any immediate risks should be reported via 999 or 101 to the police control room.
The information provided will contribute towards the collation of intelligence regarding children and young people exposed to or at risk of CSE, the development of disruption strategies and inform current and future investigations concerning the sexual exploitation of children and young people.
This method of information sharing has already been adopted successfully within Nottingham City and I would be grateful if you would disseminate details of this approach within your organisation and encourage the use of the information sheet template as appropriate.
Should you have any queries regarding this please contact Terri Johnson Service Manager Safeguarding (Strategic) at firstname.lastname@example.org.