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Nottinghamshire County Council - Proud of our past, ambitious for our future

School Attendance, Absence and Truancy

School Attendance

Going to school regularly is important to your child’s future. Children who miss school frequently can fall behind with their work and do less well in exams.

Good attendance shows potential employers that your child is reliable. Research suggests that children who attend school regularly could also be at less risk of getting involved in antisocial behaviour or crime.

The law

By law, all children of compulsory school age (5-16 years old) must receive a suitable full-time education. For most parents, this means registering their child at a school - though some choose to make other arrangements to provide a suitable, full-time education.

Once your child is registered at a school, you are legally responsible for making sure they attend regularly. If your child fails to do so, you risk getting a penalty notice or being prosecuted.


Authorised absence

If your child is ill or unable to attend school for some reason, you should contact the school by telephone and/or letter to inform them. The school will then ‘authorise’ this absence.

Unauthorised absence

Absence from school without any parental explanation is called unauthorised absence. You can be prosecuted if your child’s school absence is unauthorised.

To help make sure parents are aware of any unauthorised absences, your child’s school will write to you if they are absent. They will work with you and the Targeted Support Service to help sort the problem out.

If your child is unable to attend school for a genuine reason, such as a doctors or hospital appointment, you should let the school know by phone or letter. This type of absence is known as authorised absence.

Head Teachers are no longer permitted to agree for parents to take their children on holiday during term time unless in exceptional circumstances. If a parent intends to take their child out of school for a leave of absence during term time, they must have requested this in advance and had their request agreed by the Head Teacher.


There are many different issues which can affect school attendance. Examples include problems with:

  • bullying
  • housing or care arrangements
  • transport to and from school
  • work and money

If your child starts missing school, there may a problem you are not aware of. Ask your child first, then approach their teacher or form tutor.

Support From School

Your child’s school is the first place to go to discuss any attendance problems. The school should try to agree a plan with you to improve your child’s attendance (eg the fast-track to attendance programme). If you don’t follow the plan and things don’t improve, the school will take further action. 1,200 schools are currently using Parent Support Advisers (PSAs) to work with parents to improve children's behaviour and attendance. The government is expanding the availability of PSAs to allow them to reach 10 to 15 schools in each local authority.

Support From the Local Authority

The local authority can also help if you are struggling to ensure that your child goes to school. Potential forms of support include:

  • home tuition for children with long term and recurring illnesses, so they do not fall too far behind
  • support to help reduce the burden on children where families are in difficulty (for example, if a child is spending a lot of time caring for someone)
  • working with families and schools to overcome bullying and other serious problems

Support is provided by the Targeted Support.

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